THIOGUARD® OMEGA-S: Nutrient Management

The chemical components of struvite (magnesium, ammonia, phosphorous) exist in every wastewater system. They are specifically found at more highly concentrated levels in biological processes, such as anaerobic digestion… yet struvite scale is not prolific at every plant. This is irrespective of their use of magnesium hydroxide. For several years, Premier has had many customers using THIOGUARD® experiencing no negative impacts from struvite.

Why? Magnesium, an ingredient in THIOGUARD®, is rarely the causative factor for struvite formation. The real explanation is the concentration ratio of the three components mentioned above, COUPLED with mechanical, hydraulic, or chemical inputs facilitating localized aqueous pH spikes, promoting high omega factors, and thus struvite formation (i.e. pump volute or mixer, turbulent elbow, excess caustic or soda ash addition).

THIOGUARD® ΩMEGA-S is an easy turnkey patent pending process. The THIOGUARD® ΩMEGA-S program is a small fraction of the cost of other aggressive methods. A few milligrams of Omega-S combined with THIOGUARD® treatment will insure that struvite will not form under any of the many circumstances that can cause the problem.

For more information call 1.800.227.4287 or email thioguard2@premiermagnesia.com

There’s no magic bullet for fitness, but magnesium comes close

My oldest son’s basketball tryouts are looming this week. He cares deeply about making the team and asked me what he should do to prepare. I suggested he sleep and eat well before the tryouts, which may not have been the novel or life-changing answer he was seeking. I gather he was hoping for a magic bullet, something that would make his muscles strong and flexible, deliver him energy, render him well rested, and keep stress at bay.

Now that I think of it, buddy, there just may be a magic mineral that does all of these things. Magnesium helps with energy, muscle strength, flexibility, sleep and stress management — everything you need.

Basketball tryouts are no joke. They involve hours of running, pivoting, head-to-toe muscle use and quick reflexes. Magnesium contributes to flexibility and helps to prevent injury by loosening tight muscles. Without enough magnesium, muscles can’t properly relax, possibly causing cramps. Low magnesium can create a buildup of lactic acid, known to cause post-workout pain and tightness. Also, much of the body’s energy comes from ATP, a molecule that captures chemical energy from food and uses it to fuel other processes in the body. ATP production depends on magnesium.

Magnesium obviously won’t build my son’s arm muscles in time for tryouts, but it does help the body produce more insulin-like growth factor, an essential part of long-term muscle growth and strength.

Magnesium helps to balance and control stress hormones. Specifically, magnesium is essential for the production of serotonin, which is responsible for relaxing the nervous system and lifting moods. Serotonin also contributes to healthy sleep. A lack of magnesium upends sleep not only because of its role in serotonin production but also because it topples the sleep regulating hormone melatonin.

Magnesium is one of the essential electrolytes needed for efficient hydration. Sorry to disappoint you kids that were hoping I’d recommend a Gatorade for your tryouts; instead, you need to eat real magnesium and potassium-rich foods, and drink lots of water. A few magnesium stars include leafy green vegetables, pumpkin seeds, flax seeds, almonds, cashews, pecans, walnuts, brown rice, avocado, beans, raw cacao, edamame and seaweed.

A winning smile won’t command my son a spot on the basketball team, but perhaps it will reveal him as a positive, eager player. Low magnesium leaves saliva with excess calcium and phosphorous, which can damage teeth and harm that winning smile.

Magnesium also builds strong bones, maintains heart health, helps to prevent diabetes by regulating blood sugar, prevents inflammation and strokes, boosts immunity, preserves a proper pH balance in the body, and relieves constipation. Phew. Magnesium might really be that magic bullet as it performs an essential role in every almost bodily function.

In fact, in the emergency room, magnesium is considered a critical medication for emergency heart, asthma, pregnancy preeclampsia and other life-threatening conditions because it has a relaxing effect and is found in every tissue.

Modern life conspires to steal our magnesium. Caffeine, phosphoric acid in soda, too much salt, extreme sweating, alcohol, prolonged stress, antibiotics and other medications drain our bodies of the much-needed mineral.

So how can a teenage boy, trying out for a basketball team, or not, obtain the recommended daily intake of 410 mg of magnesium? He can eat meals such as oatmeal for breakfast; a brown rice, black bean and avocado burrito for lunch; a banana with almond butter as a snack; and roasted chicken, sesame noodles and a spinach salad for dinner. One of the most relaxing ways to absorb magnesium is to take a bath with magnesium or Epsom salts. Our skin is our largest organ for ingestion into the blood system so magnesium baths can both relax us and contribute to our magnesium intake.

Ensuring my son has healthy levels of this mineral is not going to secure his spot on the eighth-grade basketball team, but it will help him sleep well, boost his mood and lower his stress; make it less likely that his muscles cramp; and more likely that he is flexible and energetic. These are good outcomes any week of the year.

TG 325 OX® – A THIOGUARD® INNOVATION

All the Benefits of THIOGUARD®, Now Available in Powdered Form

A SAFER, MORE COST-EFFECTIVE ALTERNATIVE TO BULK
HYDRATED LIME, QUICK LIME OR SODA ASH
TG 325 OX® is a proven, premium quality, technical-grade magnesium oxide, manufactured through a proprietary process for application in municipal water and wastewater treatment. TG 325 OX® is mined and processed exclusively by Premier Magnesia, LLC in the USA.

NO CAPITAL EXPENDITURES NECESSARY
Your existing storage and feed system can be used to deliver TG 325 OX® without costly modifications. You can begin reaping the benefits of TG 325 OX® without up-front costs.

SUPERIOR HANDLING
TG 325 OX® is manufactured to an exacting particle size and specific surface area to provide the highest reactivity, and superior handling. This provides consistent performance, LESS CAKING AND “CLUMPING”, and better dispersion, which is critical to treatment plant operations, while reducing sludge generation.

 POUND FOR POUND TG 325 OX® DELIVERS MORE ALKALINITY
 TG 325 OX® has the highest available surface area and reactivity as a result of Premier’s proprietary manufacturing process. Wastewater treatment is performed in a sensitive biological environment wherein operation is performed at near-neutral or slightly alkaline conditions, requiring the highest reactive grade magnesium oxide available. Less reactive grades are incapable of sufficiently neutralizing acid generated in these environments, and will pass through the system unused or accumulate as sludge. TG 325 OX® results in improved plant performance and reduced operating costs.

MULTIPLE BENEFITS & TOTAL SYSTEM TREATMENT
TG 325 OX® is available at distribution terminals throughout the USA, and delivers Total System Treatment with multiple additional benefits. When compared to Quicklime, there is no “slaking” required. TG 325 OX® is the practical choice that provides a safer, more cost-effective alternative.

LIME SOFTENING/SLUDGE GENERATION
Lime produces calcium carbonate in wastewater which acts as a coagulant for hardness and particulate matter. Lime may potentially increase the volume of waste sludge up to 50 percent.

THE PRACTICAL CHOICE: TG 325 OX®

TG 325 OX® IS CLEARLY SUPERIOR TO HYDRATED LIME,
QUICKLIME AND SODA ASH
TG 325 OX®, hydrated lime, quicklime, and soda ash each have different physical and chemical properties that affect how each reacts with the systems to which they are added.

CALL 1.800.227.4287 TODAY TO LEARN HOW TG 325 OX® CAN IMPROVE PLANT PERFORMANCE AND REDUCE OPERATING COSTS

 

 

Preserving and Maintaining Assets:

When Implementing Asset Management/Infrastructure Planning, consider
THIOGUARD® to ensure future integrity and reliability to critical infrastructure
while enhancing operating efficiencies & costs.

Asset Management Example: Save 50% a year in 
pump stations power costs by choosing THIOGUARD®

THIOGUARD® is the ONLY commonly used product that has a direct mechanism to PREVENT CORROSION. The benefits of adding THIOGUARD® to your treatment processes are not limited to the prevention or reduction of corrosion. You will also benefit from a reduction in the formation of sludge – significantly reducing your handling and transportation costs. The benefits are numerous and system-wide, making THIOGUARD® the Practical Choice for your system.

Measured surface pH can then be used to correlate corrosion rate
and subsequently, remaining years of useful life of concrete structure.

  

FORCE MAIN GAS BINDING   

PROBLEM STATEMENT: Pumping and conveying of wastewater from end user through the collection system to wastewater treatment plants can result in negative conditions including gas binding, blockages associated with fats, oils and greases (FOG), and system corrosion. There may be other contributing conditions, but these factors appear to be the greatest contributors to O&M costs including energy consumption, maintenance costs, and Sanitary Sewer Overflows (SSOs).

FORCE MAIN GAS BINDING DRAMATICALLY INCREASED
WITH CALCIUM NITRATE (CaNO3) ADDITION

Save up to 50% per year in pump station power costs by choosing THIOGUARD®
as your odor, FOG and corrosion control process in your collection system.

Solution:

THIOGUARD® can overcome these issues by reducing or eliminating gas emissions from wastewater, dissolving FOG blankets and reducing corrosion to pumps and infrastructure. No other product can match Thioguard’s ability to neutralize both collection system surface acid and wastewater acid over short and long distances to and through the wastewater treatment plant.

Force Main With THIOGUARD® Treatment

Force Main with No Liquid Phase Treatment

Call 1.800.227.4287 or Email thioguard2@premiermagnesia.com

Visit www.thioguard.com to learn more about how
THIOGUARD® can help your plant!

Earth Friendly Alternative for Odor and Corrosion Prevention

PROVIDING: LONG DISTANCE H2S HYDROGEN SULFIDE AND SULFURIC ACID CORROSION REDUCTION THROUGH:

  • Low Solubility – 0.0009 g/100ml, H2O solubility and high surface area of 1 acre per gallon provides long distance collection system treatment to and throughout the wastewater treatment plant
  • SRB Inhibition – reduces the ability of sulfate reducing bacteria (SRB) to convert sulfates to hydrogen sulfide gas
  • Magnesium Polysulfide Complexation – promotes irreversible complexation between magnesium cation and sulfides by absorbing dissolved sulfides onto the solid magnesium hydroxide particle
  • Henry’s Law – Gas/Liquid Phase Equilibrium – resulting increase in pH keeps the dissolved hydrogen sulfide gas in solution

WASTEWATER TREATMENT PLANT PROCESS IMPROVEMENTS THROUGH:

  • pH and Alkalinity Supplementation – without adversely electing pH beyond biologically healthy limits creating a more stable environment for bioremediation of BOD, nitrogen and phosphorus
  • 1 mg/L ammonia-N requires 5.50 mg/L NaOH caustic soda or 4.16 mg/L Mg(OH)2 for elective nitrification
  • With the addition of a slowly dissolving low solubility (0.009 g/100ml) H2O particle, THIOGUARD®‘s use in aerobic and anaerobic biological digestors provides a steady reactor pH conducive for maximizing bacterial development.
  • Negatively charged microbial flora are bridged by the divalent positive charge of magnesium hydroxide forming a large floc that settles readily.
  • Biosolids Chemistry Enhancement for Land Application:
    Available magnesium in soil occupies the central position of the chlorophyll molecule/green pigment to utilize solar energy for the production of organic matter. Therefore, an adequate magnesium supply to plants may markedly increase photosynthetic activity of leaves. Also, magnesium is essential to energy (vitamin) transfer within plants.
  • Increasing filter cake solids by 20-40% percent due to divalent cation bridging improvements in floc formation and thereby significantly reducing polymer demands

Ask me how the NEW Thioguard Omega-S program
can help you take advantage of THIOGUARD®
addressing struvite and nutrient management needs!
Call 1-800-227-4287 today for details.

Filtered Alkalinity Testing May Provide the Answer You Need to Dramatically Improve Plant Performance

Is it worth switching to Filtered Alkalinity Testing instead of standard, Non-Filtered Alkalinity testing methods? It’s certainly worth careful consideration, and here’s why:

  • Filtered Alkalinity Testing is likely to provide results that are more representative of your aqueous system’s true buffering capacity, when compared with Non-Filtered testing.
  • Unfiltered testing, when using lime or caustic, may cause plant operators to errantly believe there is sufficient soluble alkalinity, or true pH buffering capacity, in their aqueous system. This is because the standard unfiltered testing will “count” the insoluble particulate created by the use of caustic or lime in the test results.
  • Inaccurate information from unfiltered tests can lead plant operators to add insufficient lime or caustic initially, only to require the addition of more product to accomplish the desired result. This is inefficient, creates larger amounts of sludge, and can increase operation and transportation costs.

AVOIDING A “DOUBLE NEGATIVE” BY INTRODUCING THIOGUARD®
When you add Lime or Caustic to your basins, it’s likely you are creating detrimental “Hot Zones” which have the double negative effect of:

ADJUSTING FOR “OPERATIONAL pH?”

Standard non-filtered testing methods do not accurately reflect actual buffering capacity. An operational pH of 4.0, simply doesn’t exist in any real life situation at a typical treatment plant. Plants are frequently operating at a pH of 6.5 – 7.5. Adjusting the “final testing pH” to a more realistic 6.0 when measuring alkalinity, may allow plant operators to get a better idea of buffering capacity, but it is still a questionable approximation.

When you are accurately assessing your system’s true buffering capacity, through Filtered Alkalinity testing, you may discover it makes a great deal of sense to consider your options. Consider THIOGUARD

THE IS A SUPERIOR ALTERNATIVE THIOGUARD®
TECHNICAL GRADE
MAGNESIUM HYDROXIDE 

When you use THIOGUARD® as an additive in your wastewater treatment plant, you will maintain a narrower operational pH range, with higher buffering capacity – even over extended periods of time and variable influent conditions. Technical grade magnesium hydroxide delivers double the Alkalinity per Gallon when compared to Caustic Soda, and triple the Alkalinity per Gallon when compared to Lime Slurry, resulting in greater operational efficiency.

MULTIPLE BENEFITS TO YOUR PROCESS, MULTIPLE BENEFITS DOWNSTREAM

Benefits outlined in this table require THIOGUARD®’s superior technical grade magnesium hydroxide combined with the THIOGUARD® Advantage Package of consulting, performance testing, inventory control and delivery services.

THIOGUARD® BENEFITS IN YOUR COLLECTION SYSTEM
Odors | Corrosion | FOG (Fats, Oil, Grease) | Air Relief

Comments: Customers can “dial in” the desired level of treatment. Best acid neutralization prevents premature infrastructure corrosion & replacement, adds numerous benefits downstream. THIOGUARD® can reduce FOG related SSOs. THIOGUARD® can reduce pumping costs on long force mains.

THIOGUARD® BENEFITS IN WASTEWATER TREATMENT
BOD (Biological Oxygen Demand) | TSS (Total Suspended Solids)
NH3 (Ammonia) | Phosphorus | FOG

Comments: THIOGUARD® is the only liquid phase treatment used in the collection system that can enhance the treatment process at the Wastewater Treatment Plant.

THIOGUARD® BENEFITS IN BIOSOLIDS TREATMENT
Digestion | CH4 Methane Production | Enhanced Dewatering

Comments: THIOGUARD® added to the collection system or sludge digestion process can also help the digestion and dewatering processes at the Wastewater Treatment Plant.

THIOGUARD® BENEFITS IN NUTRIENT REMOVAL/MODIFICATION
Phosphorus-Removal | Nitrogen-Removal

Comments: THIOGUARD® added at the plant or collection system is the only odor control strategy that can have positive influence on a BNR process.

Ask me how the NEW Thioguard Omega-S program can help you take
advantage of THIOGUARD®  addressing struvite and nutrient management needs!
Call 1-800-227-4287 today for details.

IS YOUR H2S SCRUBBER REALLY PREVENTING CORROSION?

Addressing odor problems is a pressing concern in the WWT industry. One of those problems that has to be “fixed and fixed NOW!” Sometimes the first answer is installing a carbon, chemical, or biological scrubber. An alternative approach to the same problem is the addition of THIOGUARD®, which will offer superior odor reduction results, while at the same time delivering the most crucial cost saving benefit of all – system-wide corrosion prevention.

Infrastructure Corrosion is undoubtedly the most significant problem facing today’s plant operators and engineers. The EPA puts the funds required for infrastructure repair and replacement at $271 Billion.

So, when you are faced with an odor problem, and you are considering adding a scrubber to your lines, you may want to ask yourself this question – Will adding an expensive scrubber help prevent corrosion and maintain and extend the engineered life of my infrastructure?

Carbon, chemical, or biological scrubbers are not designed to prevent corrosion. Scrubbers, by design, draw air through your lines, potentially pulling more H2S out of solution, and contributing to corrosion – specifically in crown and manhole infrastructure.


THIOGUARD
® added to your system, generally through a single feed unit, suppresses H2S system-wide, eliminating your odor problem, in many cases reducing total gases released from the wastewater stream. The benefits to your infrastructure and your plant are immediate and lasting. Through a single application point, you are effectively maintaining and extending the engineered life of your existing infrastructure. Other downstream benefits include a reduction in the production of sludge, and enhanced clarification and dewatering.

Where scrubbers are currently in use, THIOGUARD® , added upstream, will greatly reduce the overall load, thereby reducing operating costs and increasing the lifespan of existing equipment and structures.

THE ADDITION OF THIOGUARD® INCREASES
LIQUID & SURFACE pH LEVELS, PREVENTING THE ACIDIC
CONDITIONS
THAT CAUSE CORROSION.

By reducing the acidity in your system, you’ll reduce corrosion dramatically, in some cases by as much as 100X, when compared to other treatments. THIOGUARD® is typically added through a single Feed Unit, and provides “corrosion-controlling” benefits throughout your system, from collection system source to treatment plant discharge.

Corrosion is an incredibly COSTLY problem facing
America’s Water System Infrastructure.

THIOGUARD® is a proven solution to maintaining & extending the life of our nation’s water Infrastructure while providing multiple benefits downstream.

For more information CALL 1.800.227.4287
or email THIOGUARD2@premiermagnesia.com

 

Understanding the Hidden Costs of Iron Use

Many areas of the United States still use ferric or ferrous chloride for H2S control. Whether you are using ferric or ferrous, choride or sulfate, the usual discussion of sulfide removal emphasizes only the iron chemistry and glosses over other reaction products resulting from the chloride and sulfate that is released, when the iron combines with sulfur to form iron sulfide, a black precipitate.

What happens when iron sulfate is used for odor control in wastewater?

The first step in the reaction produces iron sulfide as a precipitate and sulfuric acid. The use of ferrous choride is just as problematic, producing hydrochloric acid and creating significant challenges downstream for water re-use.

f this were all that happens in wastewater, iron would be fed at a stoichiometric rate of 4.5 lbs. of ferrous sulfate to remove 1 pound of H2S.

However, in real world applications, 2 to 3 times that amount is necessary for sulfide reduction, because there are competing reactions in wastewater that will consume iron. Phosphorus, chlorides, sulfates, hydroxide, carbonate, oxygen and other common compounds compete for the iron – especially in wastewaters high in saltwater infiltration.

The next question to ask is this… what is likely to happen to the H2SO4 that is produced as a reaction product.

First, it is highly corrosive and works to lower the pH in the wastewater attacking both concrete or iron infrastructure. Second, sulfuric acid rapidly dissociates and will allow SO4 to be used as an oxygen source by the same Sulfate Reducing Bacteria (SRB) that produced the problematic H2S in the first place, ultimately producing even more H2S.

In practice, iron sulfate could produce as much sulfide as it removes stoichiometricly, which then must be removed with additional iron. Furthermore, the lowered wastewater pH will cause more H2S to be released as gas, in accordance with both the Law of Equilibrium acid-base chemistry and Henry’s Law of partial pressure.

THIOGUARD® as a Total System Treatment (TST)

In contrast THIOGUARD® technical grade magnesium hydroxide does not lower the pH of the wastewater, produces no reaction products that can lead to additional sulfide production, and produces no sludge to settle out in the system or to be dewatered at the WWTP.

The chemical reaction is as follows:

The Magnesium binds the sulfide in a similar manner to iron and it will not be released unless the pH drops to 5.5, which does not occur under normal wastewater conditions.  More importantly, THIOGUARD® is preventative and controls the formation of sulfide by maintaining, or possibly increasing pH and retarding Sulfate Reducing Bacteria activity.

Maintain & Extend the Engineered Life of your Infrastructure with THIOGUARD®

 

THE ADDITION OF THIOGUARD® BOOSTS LIQUID & SURFACE pH
LEVELS, PREVENTING THE ACIDIC CONDITIONS THAT SPEED UP
AND ENCOURAGE CORROSION.

By reducing the acidity in your system, you’ll reduce corrosion dramatically, in some cases by as much as 100X, when compared to other treatments. Thioguard® is typically added through a single Feed Unit, and provides “corrosion-controlling” benefits throughout your system, from collection system source to treatment plant discharge.

The measured surface pH can then be used to correlate corrosion rate and subsequently, remaining years of useful life of a concrete structure.

The use of THIOGUARD® by direct addition has been demonstrated to elevate surface pH from a highly corrosive pH=0-2 up to a more desirable range of pH=5-9.

In many cases, current water treatment practices
actually exacerbate corrosion!

STOP ADDING to Your Corrosion Problems.
START ADDING the Solution – THIOGUARD®.

Thioguard is the ONLY commonly used product that has a direct mechanism to PREVENT CORROSION. The benefits of adding Thioguard® to your treatment processes are not limited to the prevention or reduction of corrosion. You will also benefit from a reduction in the formation of sludge – significantly reducing your handling and transportation costs.  The benefits are numerous and system-wide, making Thioguard® the Practical Choice for your system.